The Orito Ingi Ande Medicinal Plants Flora Sanctuary is located in the department of Putumayo (Orito municipality) and Nariño (Funes and Pasto municipalities), in the southwest of Colombiain the so-called Amazonian and Andean foothills.
It has a territorial extension of 10,204.26 hectares of humid forest, with a large number of medicinal plants (Organization Colparques, 2020).
There are no indigenous communities living inside this protected area.
Protected ancestral territory
This sanctuary is part of the ancestral territory of the indigenous Cofanes; In fact, the name Ingi Ande comes from the Cofán language and translated into Spanish means “our territory.”
In the vicinity of the sanctuary we find indigenous settlements of the Inga, Pasto, Quillacingas and Awa ethnic groups, as well as inhabitants of migratory waves mainly from Nariño.
This sanctuary was created by resolution 0994 in 2008 “… with the fundamental objective of protecting the territory in its two dimensions – biological and cultural…” (National Parks of Colombia, 2020, s/p.).
Dominant flora in the Orito Ingi Ande Sanctuary
The Orito Ingi Ande Sanctuary presents a wooded vegetation, very characteristic of the lowlands of the Colombian Amazon and, in unison, vegetation characteristic of the Andean zone, such as Andean forest, high Andean and paramo.
You can find many species of heliconias (Heliconia sp), chontaduro palm (Bractis sp), amisa (Guaudua sp), cedar (Cedrela sp), achapo (Cedrelinga catenaeformis), guamo (Inga sp), among others (National Parks of Colombia, 2020).
Ancestral plants of the protected area
Indeed, it is a region of great biological diversity and tacit knowledge of shamanismand medicinal plants (Organización Colparques, 2020).
On the other hand, it is important to note that the Sanctuary is the only protected area in Colombia dedicated to the preservation of the region’s florafor medicinal and cultural purposes, especially the yoco (Paullinia yoco) and yagé (Banisteriopsis caapi) plants.
“In total, about 480 collection numbers were made in the study area, representing 60 families and 114 genera. 120 species of plants were identified, 500 botanical specimens were collected (…) and a total of almost 150 trees and shrubs were sampled…” (Organización Colparques, 2020, s/p.).
Fauna of the Orito Ingi Ande Sanctuary
With regard to the fauna, in this place the migratory birds and others such as the sparrow hawk stand out. (Buteo swainsoni), the bocachico eagle (Pandion haliaetus), the black guan (Aburria aburri), the nocturnal curassow (Nothrocorax urumotum), the gallito de las rocas or cock of the rock (Rupicola peruviana), the hummingbirds (Popelaria popelarii y Phlegopsis barringeri) and the owl (Megascops watsonii).
Likewise, there is the tufted eagle (Spizaetus ornatus), the guacharaca (Ortalis motmot), the backpacker (Psarocolius angustifrons).
There is also a diversity of reptiles and amphibians such as the chameleon lizard (Enyalioides microlepis), the warty snake (Lachesis muta).
Some primates such as the churuco(Lagothrix lagotricha) and the corn monkey (Cebus albifrons), and other mammals such as the red deer (Mazama americana), the red lion (Puma con color) and the butterfly tiger, jaguar (Panthera onca) ( National Parks of Colombia, 2020).
- Organización Colparques. 2020. Orito Ingi Ande. Santuario de Fauna y Flora, recuperado de http://www.colparques.net/ORITO#aceptar.
- Parques Nacionales de Colombia. 2020. Santuario de Flora Plantas Medicinales Orito Ingi Ande, recuperado de https://www.parquesnacionales.gov.co/portal/es/parques-nacionales/santuario-de-flora-plantas-medicinales-orito-ingi-ande/
Economist (Central University of Venezuela). Full professor and researcher attached to the “Edgar Abreu Olivo” Agrifood Research Center, Universidad de Los Andes. Doctor from the University of La Laguna (Spain). Award “One of the 10 most consulted authors of the Saber ULA university portal” (2005); prize in the III Essay Contest of the Central Bank of Venezuela BCvoz Economico, 2016, with the work “Theobroma cacao: transformation and consumption of the “food of the gods” in Venezuela and the world” (co-authored).
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