The Brazilian State of Amazonas geopolitically defines an area of 1,571,000 km2 located in South America, in the center of the great Amazon basin , in the heart of the largest and most biodiverse forest in the world.
Not only is it the largest state in Brazil, but it encompasses an area greater than the size of any of the other countries in the basin , being even larger than all of Peru.
This extensive territory of the Brazilian northwest, limits to the north with Venezuela and Roraima; to the east with Pará; Rondônia to the south; Peru to the west and Colombia to the northwest. Its capital is Manaus , a populous commercial city.
There are many Amazon river maps . From the historical ones, the first maps made by religious missionaries who tried to decipher the jungle, to the satellite ones.
Among them are the maps of highways, hydrographic maps, those of illegal mining, the planting of illicit crops, logging, maps of indigenous settlements, among others.
In more than one and a half million km2 there is a relatively low population of just over 3 million people, compared, for example, with the population of Ecuador, the smallest country in the basin , where more than 16 million people live in less than 300 thousand km2.
The climate of the Amazon- Brazil is humid equatorial and the humidity is constantly very high. There are two clearly differentiated seasons in the Amazon: the rainy season, during the winter; and the dry season in the summer.
On the other hand, in the Amazon there are very particular climatological phenomena such as friajes which are icy winds that come from Antarctica and run through the jungle at certain times of the year.
Tourism in Amazonas – Brazil
In Manaus, capital of the State, you will find hostels (hotels, lodges, inns) that offer you a practical way to enjoy the Amazonian flora and fauna of Brazil. In these places, tourists wake up and are enchanted by the music of more than 1,300 species of birds in the region.
The confluence of two rivers (the Negro River, with its dark waters, and the Solimões, with its clear water) gives rise to a phenomenon popularly known as the Meeting of the Waters , one of the main tourist attractions in Manaus.
On the outskirts of Manaus, you will be able to observe the “Meeting of the waters”, a wonderful union of the waters of the Negro and Solimões rivers to together form the Amazon River, and if you are lucky you will be able to see some pink river dolphins, also called toninas or buffets .
Another great option is to visit Ponta Negra Beach, 13 kms. from the center of Manaus, beautiful landscape with the contrast of the dark waters. As well as the Forest of the National Research Institute of the Amazon (INPA), formed by a botanical garden and a zoological garden.
You should also visit the Pico da Neblina, located in the north of the State of Amazonas, it is the highest point in Brazil with 2,995.30 meters of altitude.
It gives its name to the Pico da Neblina National Park, where it is located, it is only 700 meters away from its twin mountain, Pico Phelps, which marks the border between Brazil and Venezuela .
Cultural wealth in the Brazilian Amazon.
This region also has a variety of museums that you will love, such as the Museo del Indio, which houses valuable objects from indigenous nations , as well as the Museo de Ciencias Naturales de la Amazonia and the Museo del Hombre del Norte.
As in all of Brazil, the ethnic composition of Amazonian society is made up of indigenous peoples , mestizos, blacks, whites, and a small portion of Asians.
There are about 29 different indigenous peoples , the best known tribes or communities in the state are the Tikuna, Sateré-mawés, Kurripakos and Desanos.
Refuge of the most impressive flora and fauna
In the Amazon of Brazil is the Anavihanas National Park , which is the largest river archipelago in the world, made up of more than 400 islands, hundreds of lakes , rivers , igapós and igarapés rich in plant and animal species.
Located on the Negro River, the set of islands is a paradise for biologists, ecologists and practitioners of nature tourism . From November to April, when the Negro River floods, half of the islands are submerged and the animals take refuge in the highest parts.
When the waters recede, the islands reveal beaches of 90 km. of channels that, like a network, intersect the entire region. Anavilhanas is close to the Jaú National Park , the largest forest reserve in South America, also bathed by the Negro River.
What you should know before traveling
The Amazon rainforest is one of the richest regions in biodiversity in the world. If you are preparing your next trip, here are some tips for traveling in the tropical Amazon.
wear suitable clothing
It is very important to have comfortable clothes, preferably cotton and light colors. Dark colored clothes attract the attention of insects. It is also important to wear closed shoes.
During the trip through the Amazon , wearing long-sleeved clothing will prevent you from being bitten by mosquitoes and insects. It is also important to wear special pants that dry quickly for jungle expeditions.
Have pain relievers and antihistamines on hand
Analgesics and antihistamines may be necessary, it may be necessary to eliminate pain or discomfort caused by constant exposure to the sun or insect bites.
Always use insect repellent, it is also important to use sunscreen. Also do not forget that you must be vaccinated against yellow fever and tetanus 10 days before the trip.
During a trip through the Amazon jungle, it is important to constantly consume fluids. The tropical heat causes dehydration very quickly due to intense sweating.
It is extremely important that the fluids used are suitable for rehydration and are drinkable. A good option is to store some tablets for water purification.
Don’t get off the road
Traveling through the Amazon rainforest, at first, may seem like a fun and easy trek, but it is not entirely true. If the path is not well marked, then the professional guides will have to open that route.
Protect your electronic devices
The humidity of the jungle can seriously affect electronic devices, so it is convenient to store them in sealed bags. In some remote towns, electricity is used for limited hours or not at all. In this case, it is desirable to have a flashlight at hand.
Backpack instead of suitcase
The Amazon jungle is not a five-star hotel. Here you will do everything yourself. In general, the best option is to carry a backpack, and preferably with a waterproof protector. Thus, during the rain the backpack can be isolated from moisture.
Prepare to travel by river
However, the fastest way to travel the Amazon is the rivers . Numerous river routes connect the main cities and jungles of the Amazon.
Sailing from one city to another, as a rule, lasts several days and nights. On most of these ships you will sleep on the open deck in a hammock.
Danger in the Amazon Brazil
The Amazon region is a vital carbon store that slows the pace of global warming. 60% of that natural area is in Brazil.
Unfortunately, the Brazilian Amazon has suffered an intense process of colonization and deforestation to expand the agricultural frontier, since the end of the 19th century, intensifying from the 1950s.
In addition to this deforestation process, more than 80,000 fires have been registered in the Amazon jungle this year, which has generated an international alert about the damage to this important forest and biodiversity space.
October 19, 2019
Other Amazonian countries
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