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Peruvian Amazon Rainforest

The Peruvian Amazon occupies more than half of the country, with an area of approximately 780,000 km² whose limits touch the borders of Brazil , Ecuador , and Colombia , countries with which it shares the Amazon rainforest.

With respect to its internal political territorial division, the so-called Peruvian Amazon Region (RAP), fully comprises the Loreto, Ucayali, San Martín and Madre de Dios regions.

In addition, the Peruvian Amazon partially covers the Amazon, Cajamarca, Huancavelica, La Libertad, Pasco, Piura, Puno, Ayacucho, Junín, Cusco and Huánuco regions.

Loreto is the most populated entity of the RAP, both settlers, mestizos or indigenous , and the state that occupies a greater proportion, with 51% of the national Amazon area.


✅ Discover the Peruvian jungle

The most important city in the Peruvian Amazon, demographically and economically, is Iquitos , capital of the region and of the province of Maynas, which is home to more than half of the regional population.

Iquitos from the air. Source: Percy Meza [CC BY-SA 4.0 (]

Most of the Peruvian Amazon is covered by humid tropical forests in the eastern foothills of the Andes mountain range, extending towards an immense Amazon plain.

➡️ Climate of the region

The climate in the Amazon of Peru is more or less uniform, generally 25ºC, except in the southern part, where slight seasonal variations in rainfall are observed.

However, some special climatological phenomena are known, such as friajes or surazos , winds that come from the South Pole and that cross the jungle, putting the unsuspecting at risk.

Amazon Rainforest Climate

➡️ Map Amazonas Peru

The Peruvian Amazon is basically made up of two large subregions: the High Forest, or Rupa rupa, which ranges from 2,000 meters above sea level to 500 meters above sea level, which corresponds to 11.6% of the RAP.

And the Selva Baja, or Omagua, below 500 meters above sea level, which represents 88.4% of the RAP. The presence of large and mighty rivers such as the Amazon , Ucayali, Marañón, Putumayo, Yavarí, Napo, Tigre and Pastaza stands out.

➡️ Animals of the Peruvian jungle

The Amazon rainforest in Peru is one of the most biologically diverse areas on the planet. The variety of species is so great that it is estimated that most of them remain undiscovered.

Conservatively, 7,373 species of flora, 263 mammals , 806 birds , 180 reptiles, 262 amphibians and 697 fish have been counted, to become one of the countries with the greatest megadiversity on the planet.

Capybara, chigüiro

➡️ Tourism Amazonas Peru

Throughout the Peruvian Amazon there are endless places to visit , below we will talk about the most outstanding:

La Fortaleza de Kuelap, Luya, Amazonas, Perú


One of the most impressive departments to visit in the Peruvian Amazon region is Loreto , this territory, crossed by the mighty Amazon River, is home to numerous species in danger of extinction, such as the charapa turtle and the pink dolphin .

Reserva de Yaguas, Loreto, Perú

In addition, protected natural spaces are located in it, such as the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, the Matsés National Reserve, the Allpahuayo Mishana National Reserve and the Sierra del Divisor National Park.

In the Amazon forest you can experience active tourism, taking routes through the jungle, night walks and bird watching , as well as the rest of its fauna and flora . All this makes this region a paradise for ornithologists, biologists and lovers of nature and biodiversity.

In the same way, you will be able to get in touch with the native communities , currently there are tourist packages in the Amazon Peru that usually include visits to this type of place.


Iquitos was founded in the mid-eighteenth century, it is the largest city in this entire territory, as well as one of the most populated in the country, which is why it is also known as the capital of the Peruvian Amazon.

You will be surprised to discover its historic center, with an outstanding cultural heritage, such as the Iquitos Cathedral and the old Hotel Palace, as well as dozens of buildings, including the Casa Cohen.

In addition to the Casa Morey and the Casa de Fierro, designed by Gustave Eiffel. Among the museum centers, the Ayapua Historical Boat Museum, the Museum of Amazonian Indigenous Cultures stand out.

And the Amazonian Museum, which exhibits an important collection of indigenous statues. On your tour of Iquitos, don’t forget to visit the Tarapacá boardwalk, where you can admire the mansions with tiles.

Amazonas floating village, Iquitos, Photo by Sascha Grabow

✅ Pacaya Samiria National Reserve

You should keep in mind that Iquitos is the best access point to the impressive Pacaya Samiria National Reserve , which you can visit at any time of the year.

Marañón River in the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve. Source: Verlic Redclaw [CC BY 3.0 (]

Among the protected areas and natural parks in Peru, the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve stands out, since its 20,800 square kilometers make it one of the largest in the country.

This protected natural space, with more than 85 lakes, was declared a RAMSAR site in 1986. The most visited of all its lagoons is El Dorado, considered the heart of the reserve, where several refuges and camps are located.

❤️ Customs of the Amazon Peru

Pevas Amazonas Peru

The customs and traditions of the Amazon of Peru are shaped by their dances , songs and clothing. Its culture is nourished by legends, stories and stories in which mystery and the inexplicable are always present.

The festival of San Juan is one of the most famous customs in this area, it is celebrated every June 24 but the celebration begins the day before with the residents going to the rivers to purify themselves in the water of the rivers, based on the belief in that on that day San Juan blesses the rivers and with its water fills with health, happiness and good luck for the whole year.

Danza Embera, Fiesta de San Juan, Iquitos, Loreto, Perú

Some of the most representative dances of the Amazon region are La Chumaichada, known as the dance of the Province of Chachapoyas , Huanca, Los Danzantes de Levanto and the carnival in Amazonas.

In addition to the patron saint festival of Santiago Apóstol Province of Utcubamba (from July 23 to July 31), the tourist week of Los Chachapoyas in the province of Chachapoyas.

As well as the Patronal Feast of Virgen Asunta, that of the Lord of Gualamita, of San Nicolás, Patronal Feast of Virgen de Sonche, of the Virgen de Levanto and the Christmas Shepherds, among others.

Other Amazon countries

Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest

Brazilian Amazon Rainforest

Venezuelan Amazon Rainforest

Bolivian Amazon Rainforest

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