It is located in the Colombian Amazon region (RAC), in the departments of Caquetá and Guaviare, representing one of the geographical areas with high biological diversity in the world (National Parks of Colombia, 2020).
How to get to PNN Serranía de Chiribiquete?
It is a little explored territory and commercial flights do not arrive.
“To get to the north side of the massif, you must go up the Apoporis river to the confluence of the Macayá and Ajajú rivers. To enter from the south, from Araracuara you navigate the Yarí and Mesay rivers. Eventually, also along the Cañaré river.” The tour takes about two days.Colparques Organization, 2020, s/p.
History of the National Park
This national natural park…
“…it was reserved, aligned and declared through Agreement No. 0045 of September 21, 1989, of the Board of Directors of the National Institute of Renewable Natural Resources and the Environment -INDERENA- (…) and approved through Executive Resolution No. 120 of 21 September 1989, issued by the Ministry of Agriculture…”
Through Resolution No. 1,038 of August 21, 2013 of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, it reached an area of approximately 2,782,354 hectares.
Thus, its territory was extended to the municipalities of Cartagena del Chairá, San Vicente del Caguán and Solano in Caquetá, and Calamar in the department of Guaviare.
More recently, a new expansion was carried out in the municipalities of San José del Guaviare, Miraflores and Calamar in Guaviare; and in San Vicente del Caguán and Solano in the department of Caquetá, with resolution 1,256 of July 10, 2018, under the mandate of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development-MADS (National Parks of Colombia, 2020).
The Serranía de Chiribiquete National Natural Park has the representative fauna of the Amazon region, highlighting the jaguar, the tapirand the harpy eagle.
May 12, 2020
Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja)
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South American Tapir (Tapirus terrestris)
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On the other hand, different biomes are found in the park area such as savannah areas, floodplain forests, terra firme forests and tepui forests (Fundación Aquae, 2020).
Due to its high importance as a natural reservoir, in 2018 the Serranía de Chiribiquete National Natural Park was recognized by UNESCO as a mixed heritage of humanity (cultural and natural), being the first place in Colombia to obtain this distinction.
Its territory now reaches 4,268,095 protected hectares, representing a great contribution to the preservation of biodiversity and natural ecosystems, as well as its cultural expressions.
“In its tepuyes, more than 50 panels with an average height of 7 meters have been identified, with approximately 70,000 cave art paintings.”Foreign Ministry of Colombia, 2018, s/p.
In more than 36 rock shelters, more than 250,000 Amazon rock pictographs have been identified; the oldest with more than 19,500 years (Aquae Foundation, 2020).
- Cancillería de Colombia. (2 de julio de 2018). Chiribiquete es declarado Patrimonio Mixto de la Humanidad por la Unesco y se amplía a 4.268.095 hectáreas, recuperado de https://www.cancilleria.gov.co/en/newsroom/news/chiribiquete-declarado-patrimonio-mixto-humanidad-unesco-amplia-4268095-hectareas.
- Fundación Aquae. 2010. El parque nacional más grande de Colombia, recuperado de https://www.fundacionaquae.org/sierra-chiribiquete-parque-nacional-mas-grande-colombia/
- Organización Colparques. 2020. Serranía de Chiribiquete. Patrimonio arqueológico, recuperado de http://www.colparques.net/CHIRIBIQUETE1#popup1.
- Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia. 2020. Parque Nacional Natural Serranía de Chiribiquete, recuperado de https://www.parquesnacionales.gov.co/portal/es/parques-nacionales/parque-nacional-natural-chiribiquete/
Economist (Central University of Venezuela). Full professor and researcher attached to the “Edgar Abreu Olivo” Agrifood Research Center, Universidad de Los Andes. Doctor from the University of La Laguna (Spain). Award “One of the 10 most consulted authors of the Saber ULA university portal” (2005); prize in the III Essay Contest of the Central Bank of Venezuela BCvoz Economico, 2016, with the work “Theobroma cacao: transformation and consumption of the “food of the gods” in Venezuela and the world” (co-authored).
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