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Yellow-rumped cacique

July 20, 2020

The Oropendola (Psarocolius bisfasciatus, Cacicus cela) is a very colorful bird that inhabits mainly the Amazonian regions of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

In Brazil its common name is Cacique de Pará, Conoto del Pará or Oropéndola oliva.


Oropendola characteristics

The olive oriole or Pará cacique has green plumage on its chest and part of its back, brown wings and a yellowish tail.

Olive Oropendola or Pará Cacique Psarocolius bisfasciatus
Olive Oropendola or Cacique of Pará Psarocolius bisfasciatus
Zieger M / CC BY-SA

The species Cacicus cela is called paucar, from the Quechua pawcar, or oropendola, in the Peruvian Amazon, about 28 cm long, with deep black plumage and yellow tail and part of the wings.

Oropendola lomiamarillo - Paucar Cacicus Cela
Oropendola lomiamarillo – Paucar Cacicus Cela
Doug Janson / CC BY 3.0

Feeding, behavior and reproduction

It builds its nests up to 1.8 m high, hanging from trees. Its diet is based on nectar, fruits and seeds, although it can also eat insects and small vertebrates.

It is characterized by making large nests that hang in the high branches of trees, and by imitating the cries of children and the songs of other birds.

It is said in the Peruvian Amazon that this bird was originally an Indian boy wearing black pants and a yellow shirt, who was turned into a wandering, boisterous bird by a witch to punish him.

Cacique de Pará – song

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